Sokolov Aleksandr Sergeevich, Assistant, sub-department of ecology, Francisk Skorina Gomel State University (104 Sovetskaya street, Gomel, Belarus), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The city of Gomel is the second most populous city of Belarus, a large industrial center. The aim of the research is to conduct a territorial analysis of geoecological situations, to identify areas that vary in severity of ecological troubles and to creat comprehensive environmental maps of the city on the basis of this research.
Materials and methods. The authors researched the following materials: the landscape map of Belarus, the maps of regional protected natural areas, as well as the data from the geoinformation system on spatial distribution of country’s silva.
Results. The most disturbed types of landscapes are secondary moraine ones; by the degree of disturbance among sub-types the authors distinhuish landscapes with a loess-like loam cover and a water-glacial loam cover. These same types and subtypes occupy a small area in the protected areas of the Gomel region. Among the species of landscapes one may notice a dependence of ecological condition on the degree of ruggedness of the surface – of satisfactory condition are flat, flat-wavy and wavy landscapes, the most disturbed are is hilly-wavy, wavy-rolling, long hilly ones.
Conclusions. The existing network of the protected areas of the Gomel region needs optimization by including those types, sub-types and species of landscapes that are characterized by a worse ecological status, and recovering natural communities in these areas, which will allow to fully embrace the protection of the ecosystems’ diversity, to preserve every kind of landscape in the reference state.
geoecological coefficient, landscape structure, protected areas, classification of landscapes, landscape diversity.
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